“That makes the criminal business one of the largest economies in the world, one of the top 20 economies,” said the director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Yuri Fedotov, who described the organizations criminals as a threat to security and economic development.
The official explained that some 40 billion dollars are lost annually to corruption in developing countries and obtained a 32 billion each year for human trafficking.
Narco get 3.6% of global wealth
United Nations recognizes that the problem is growing to developing countries
Organised crime moves per year $ 2.1 trillion, equivalent to 3.6 percent of world GDP, and the problem may continue to increase, said yesterday the head of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Yuri Fedotov.
“That makes the criminal business in one of the largest economies in the world, one of the top 20 economies,” he said.
The figure was first calculated by the World Bank and UNODC based on 2009 data.
Fedotov said that still there is no other data with which to make comparisons.
During the opening of a meeting of the International Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ), Fedotov said that the situation may be worsening, but “to substantiate this impression we need more information,” he said.
The UN representative said that at least 40 billion dollars are lost annually to corruption in developing countries and obtained a 32 billion each year for human trafficking.
“According to some estimates, some 2.4 million people suffer from the problem of human trafficking,” said the director of international organization as part of his speech.
Violence disrupts social development
There are other high-impact illicit generate enormous amounts of wealth, and also affect the countries’ social growth.
Organized crime, trafficking, violence and corruption are big “impediments” to the Millennium Development Goals, targets set by the international community to improve health and reduce poverty.
“Criminal groups have shown an impressive ability to adapt to circumvent the law and seek new business opportunities,” said Brian Nichols, the Office of Narcotics and Law Enforcement at the meeting that began yesterday in Vienna.
“Today, most criminal organizations are not like the hierarchical family groups of organized crime in the past. Now consist of flexible and informal networks, often converge when it is convenient and participate in a wide range of criminal activities, “he said.
US, site traffic in latin America
In March 2009, the Bureau of International Narcotics Department of State, U.S., said about 150,000 people participates in illegal activities by moving capital to 25 billion dollars.
At least 90 percent of the cocaine reaching the United States passes through Mexico from South America, according to the American request.
In recent years, America has been sentenced to two thousand 300 persons and entities associated with Latin American drug money laundering, “he said in October 2011 Daniel L. Glaser, Assistant Treasury Secretary for Terrorism, during a meeting organized by the Committee of Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
US commitment to security resources to Chihuahua
The U.S. government gave the state of Chihuahua equipment and supplies to combat crime and organized crime within the bilateral cooperation program Merida, worth more than $ 543 000.
The Consul General of that country, Thomas Rogan, said the delivery of this equipment is a sign of cooperation that Mexico and the U.S. have in relation to security of both nations, and a recognition of the Chihuahua state government for his fight organized crime.
“We are working with Mexico to combat drug trafficking and organized crime. One goal this year is to bring the Merida Initiative resources to state and local governments faced every day with organized crime, “said Consul Rogan.
He explained that given two microscopes to identify ballistic elements used in drug-related homicides. Also they distributed machinery to take and compare fingerprints of detainees.